Drinking safe water ensures our health-mountain flow
Most of you may seldom take time to consider whether your drinking water is safe or not. The very things you usually do are turning on the tap, filling your glasses with water and then drink it. But do you know how much water should you drink in a day and is your drinking water safe?
The significance of water to human body
The amount of water in the human body ranges from 50-75% . When it lacks enough water, you won’ t be able to maintain a normal body temperature, moisturize your joints properly and remove wastes from your body by sweating and urinating.
Insufficient intake of water can cause dehydration, making muscle weakness and spasm, unbalanced body and increased risks of sunstroke possible. Water is so important to human body that you can’ t go without it for more than three days.
So how much water do you need to keep your body functioning well?
You may need more water under the following circumstances:
- When it’shot and your body sweats a lot to lose heat.
- When you do strenuous exercise.
- During the onset of illness, such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, or cough.
The Health and Medicine Division of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) suggests that women should drink more than 11 glasses of water a day and men should drink more than 15 glasses of water a day. You can sometimes replace water with soup and drinks, but you must drink huge amount of water after doing strenuous exercise such as running.
Is your tap water safe?
If your tap water comes from the US public water systems, it is almost certainly safe especially since it is monitored by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that sets regulatory limits for the amounts of certain contaminants in tap water.
Although water treatment plants act in strict accordance with the national safety standards, it doesn’ t mean that your tap water is free of any contaminants.
When your tap water is polluted by substances which can potentially cause serious illness, the plants will immediately inform you of that and provide alternatives to it.
What contaminants exist in the tap water?
Tap water can be easily polluted by various substances, such as microorganisms in human and animal wastes like bacteria and parasites, chemicals in industrial and agricultural wastes, and nitrate in fertilizers and minerals like lead and mercury.
To keep tap water safe, the EPA routinely monitors contaminants. But even so, some certain groups still can’ t escape potential harms of water pollution. They include patients undergoing chemotherapy, people living with HIV or AIDS patients, patients who received transplants, children and infants, and pregnant women and their fetuses.
Every year on July 1, water supply companies send you a drinking water quality report, which they often call Consumer Confidence Report (CCR), by post to describe to you where your water comes from and what it may contain. If you fail to receive the CCR, you can find it online, or call the EPA at (800) 426-4791 for information about your drinking water.
One in seven Americans use private wells as the source of water. However, it can pose a potential threat to their health because private wells are excluded from the oversight of the EPA.
The safety of private well water can be determined by the following factors:
- The structure ofyour well;
- The location ofyour well;
- Your ways to repairyour well;
- The quality of your well’saquifer;
- Human activities aroundyourwell.
It is recommended that you regularly test the quality your well water to avoid possible safety risks.
To minimize the effects of contaminants to your health, we suggest you should use refrigerator water filters. They’ re effective at removing substances like chlorinated byproducts, solvents, pesticides and certain heavy metals from water.